One can come across a lot of studies related to disease of the heart and its impact on women. A new study has found that despite overall improvements to care for a heart attack, women are less likely to receive timely treatment. The new study came up in Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Though treatment of Heart attack have come a long way, lead study author Juan Carlos Montoy opined that timely access to appropriate care is still an issue, especially for female patients. Montoy is an assistant professor in the University of California , San Francisco Department of Emergency Medicine.
For the study, the researchers analyzed more than 4,50,000 records of patients with one of two types of heart attack, an ST- elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), or a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), from 2005 to 2015 in California hospitals. They found that in 2005, timely angiography occurred for 50% of male patients and 35.7% of female patients with STEMI, and 45% of males and 33.1% of females with NSTEMI. In 2015, the rates improved to 76.7% of male patients and 66.8% of females with STEMI, and 56.3% of males and 45.9% of females with NSTEMI.
They noted that proportion of patients who received timely treatment increased and mortality decreased over time for men and women. The gaps in treatment and outcomes between genders also narrowed over time. However, they found that that female patients received timely treatment for NSTEMI in 2015 at rates lower than males measured in 2006. Females treated for STEMI in 2015 received timely treatment at lower rates than males did in 2010. Moreover, they also found that these disparities existed along racial lines. Black, Hispanic, and Asian patients were less likely as white patients to undergo timely angiography, with minimal changes over time.