More than four million people have left Ukraine till now. Well, what impact does this refugee inflow from Ukraine have on the already 82 million refugees the world over? Majority of these people depend on humanitarian aid to survive. Now, the crisis in Ukraine could lead to their lives becoming even more difficult.
IGNORING PEOPLE FROM OTHER REGIONS
As the world now focuses on the millions of Ukrainians in desperate need, the people fleeing elsewhere will become less visible and receive less help.
Norwegian Refugee Council Secretary General of Jan Egeland has a valid point to specify when he says that the “Protracted crises in Syria, Yemen, the Horn of Africa and the Sahel are worsening while the horrors in Ukraine are getting our attention. Humanitarian relief can help mitigate the effects of these crises on vulnerable communities, but ultimately, inclusive political solutions are needed to end them.”
Some reasons of how the Ukraine war will affect other refugees and displaced people worldwide:
Money is always a major issue when coming to humanitarian aid. Even before the Ukraine war, the UN was struggling to raise the money needed to provide all the humanitarian aid the world requires. In its humanitarian appeal for 2021, the UN received less than half of the funding it requested. In the last ten years, the gap between humanitarian needs and the funding given to humanitarian response widened dramatically.
At the international donors conference for Yemen this month, the UN asked for 42 billion dollars this year to support more than 23.4 million people. However, the world leaders were only willing to give less than a third of what the UN asked for.
“People in Yemen deserve the same life-saving support and solidarity as people in Ukraine,” says Egeland. “Especially since the crisis in Europe will dramatically affect Yernenis’ access to food and fuel and make an already serious situation even worse.”
Although the distribution of emergency aid should be based on needs alone, some crises receive more attention and support than others. Ukraine wr and the large influx of refugees in Europe will exacerbate this imbalance. Egeland says “the speed at which the EU, the United Nations and other international partners acted in response to the war in Ukraine should trigger the same urgency for solutions to the neglected crises of our time.”
Russia and Ukraine alone account for nearly 30 per cent of the world’s exports of wheat and barley, 20 per cent of all corn and 76 per cent of the world’s sunflower oil. Even before the Ukraine war, multiple protracted conflicts, climate change, two years of a pandemic and high energy prices had already led to the highest food prices since 2011.
The World Food Programme has said that the war in Ukraine could have catastrophic consequences for millions of people in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. And those who will be the hardest hit are those who have been forced to flee their homes. The WFP has already had to reduce the amount of food provided to refugees and other vulnerable people across East Africa and the Middle East. This includes Yemen, where 16.2 million people do not know where their next meal will come from.
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