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In the dialogue concerning environmental preservation, attention often gravitates toward issues like air quality, water pollution, and the encroachment of human-centric developments. Yet, lurking beneath our consciousness is a neglected victim – the soil. Vital for our sustenance, soil has silently weathered decades of degradation due to widespread use of harmful pesticides and chemical fertilizers. It is here where permaculture comes into play.
A recent study by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay reveals a staggering 94% increase in soil erosion in the Western Ghats Region (WGR) from 1990 to 2020. This concerning trend poses a severe threat to the biodiversity hotspot, recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tamil Nadu emerges as the worst-hit, experiencing a soil loss rate of 121% during the same period.
In a groundbreaking revelation, scientists have unveiled Earth's most diverse ecosystem, and it's not the vast oceans, lush rainforests, or sprawling swamps. Surprisingly, it's the unassuming soil (earth) beneath us that teems with life, shaping the very essence of our planet. Recent research by ecologist Mark Anthony and his team has spotlighted the astonishing biodiversity within this unexplored realm.