Scientists come up with various approaches to tackle sea warming

Only 15% of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are on track at the half-time point of the 2030 agenda due to the impact of climate change, according to a latest report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). CLIMATE CHANGE UNDERMINES PROGRESS ON HUNGER, POVERTY, HEALTH, AND MORE The report emphasizes that climate change is already impacting the world, with record temperatures and extreme weather events causing widespread damage. The global response to climate change is falling short, and the world is off-track halfway to the 2030 deadline for the SDGs. ANNUAL REPORT COMBINES INSIGHTS FROM 18 ORGANIZATIONS This annual report, a collaborative effort involving 18 organizations, is issued ahead of the SDG Summit and Climate Ambition Summit at the United Nations General Assembly. It highlights the role of weather, climate, and water-related sciences in achieving SDGs such as food and water security, clean energy, better health, sustainable oceans, and resilient cities. URGENT NEED FOR SCIENCE AND SOLUTIONS TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CRISIS The report underscores the urgent need for science and solutions to address the climate crisis. It points out that between 1970 and 2021, nearly 12,000 reported disasters related to weather, climate, and water extremes caused over 2 million deaths and $4.3 trillion in economic losses. The majority of these impacts occurred in developing economies, undermining sustainable development. UN Secretary-General António Guterres:


With global warming and climate change adversely affecting the marine life, the scientific community along with other stakeholders has recommended and integrated transition to a carbon-neutral society, eco-centric approaches for development and close monitoring of distribution shifts of marine fishes and species due to warming of water bodies.

The recommendations were included in the draft policy adopted at the International Conference on Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Cycle, Ecosystem, Fisheries and Food Security ( ClimFishCon 2020) held in Kochi.

The other recommendations are adopting a National Action Plan for climate friendly resilient technologies and diversified livelihood strategies, adaptive nature-friendly way approaches for using water, ecosystem-based Fisheries Management to adapt to climate change, Pollution Control, Climate Resilient Aquaculture, adapting various strategies for the preservation of preserving  Marine and Coastal Ecosystems, giving priority to conservation of biodiversity, and protection/conservation of wetland ecosystems adopting an Integrated Management Plan.
In the conference that concluded on February 14, the scientists and others were of the opinion increase in sea surface temperature was directly affecting the distribution of fishes. In the conference, it was pointed out that biodiversity loss of ocean was accelerating with an increase in sea surface temperature.

KUFOS Founder Vice Chancellor and Organizing Chairman B Madhusoodana Kurup said that climate change and warming impacts were quite visible in functional changes in food web, altering ecosystem and changes in distribution of pelagic fishes such as mackerel and oil sardine.

It was also pointed out there was much evidence to show that fishes have migrated to other regions because of climate change.


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