Internally Displaced People (IDPs) with access to proper housing are three times more likely to be independent of humanitarian assistance and twice as likely to have stable income, said a recent report by the International Organization for Migration’s Global Data Institute, in collaboration with Georgetown University, sheds light on the critical role of adequate housing for Internally Displaced People (IDPs). The PROGRESS report analyzes solutions to internal displacement in 15 countries, providing insights into the challenges faced by IDPs and the opportunities for sustainable solutions.
FOCUS ON SOLUTIONS
The study emphasizes the importance of job creation, security, and fostering a sense of belonging within communities for overcoming displacement-related vulnerabilities. Adequate housing, livelihoods, and local integration are crucial aspects highlighted by IDPs themselves.
CONCENTRATION OF IDPS
Fifteen countries host 37.5 million of the 71.1 million IDPs globally, underscoring the urgent need for targeted interventions. The report focuses on countries chosen as pilots for the Special Advisor on Solutions to Internal Displacement, including Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Vanuatu, and Yemen.
PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT DYNAMICS
Data reveals that the longer IDPs experience displacement, the more likely they prefer local integration or settling elsewhere rather than returning home. Variations exist based on displacement drivers, living situations, age, and gender.
INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE
Sustainable solutions rely on inclusive development finance. Empowering IDPs through initiatives like microfinance and support for small businesses is considered a pathway to self-reliance.
The study highlights significant gender disparities, emphasizing the need for targeted interventions in areas such as security, income stability, and shelter for female-headed households.
Long-term solutions, including local integration, job creation, security, and a sense of belonging, are pivotal for sustainable outcomes. The report advocates for people-cantered, operationally relevant strategies.
This comprehensive analysis, based on data and input from focus group discussions with IDPs, returnees, and host communities, provides valuable insights to guide effective interventions and policies for addressing internal displacement.