Six Indian cultural and heritage places, including Ganga ghats in Varanasi, temples of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu and Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh are included in India’s tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel said that it was a great honour for the country to get the six places enlisted as UNESCO World heritage Sites. In a tweet, he said. In a tweet te Ministry of Culture said, “Delighted and proud that @ASIGoI had submitted a proposal for India’s 9 places for inclusion in tentative list of UNESCO, where six sites have selected in Tentative Lists of @UNESCOWorld Heritage Site.
Delighted and proud that @ASIGoI had submitted a proposal for India’s 9 places for inclusion in tentative list of UNESCO, where six sites have selected in Tentative Lists of @UNESCO World Heritage Site. pic.twitter.com/CImxnYozR3
— Ministry of Culture (@MinOfCultureGoI) May 19, 2021
The Minister said that the listing of the six places in the tentative UNESCO list was a step ahead before tye final confirmation of any cultural or heritage site.
The Archaeological Survey of India, which is responsible for the conservation and preservation of Indian monuments, submitted the list.
The six sites are namely Satpura Tiger Reserve, Iconic riverfront of the historic city of Varanasi, Megalithic site of Hire Benkal, Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra, Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley- Jabalpur, and temples of Kanchipuram.
KNOW THE SITES
Ghats of Varanasi
Varanasi has about 88 Ghats, which are all famous the world over. Almost all the ghats are bathing as well as Pooja ceremony ones. Two of the Ghats are exclusively used as cremation sites. Several of trhe Ghats are related to legends or mythologies. Most Varanasi ghats were rebuilt after 1700 AD, when the city was part of Maratha Empire. The patrons of current ghats are Marathas, Shindes (Scindias), Holkars, Bhonsles, and Peshwes (Peshwas). Morning boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular visitors attraction.
Satpura Tiger Reserve
The Tiger reserve is located towards the South of River Narmada in Madhya Pradesh. The forest is rich in biodiversity and inhabited by many endangered species. Satpura Tiger Reserve was declared as the first biosphere reserve of Madhya Pradesh in 1999. The high ranges of the Pachmarhi plateau are covered by Sal forests, whereas dense teak forests are spread over its lower hill ranges. It is home to 26 species of the Himalayan region including reptiles and 42 species of Nilgiri areas.
Temples of Kanchipuram
Kanchipuram, situated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu is a temple city. The city is dotted with ancient temples that are architectural marvels and a visual treat. The city is situated on the banks of Vegavathi river. It is said that Kanchipuarm once had about 1000 temples and now only 126 remain. Pallava dynasty made the region its capital between the 6th and 7th centuries. It is also the seat of Kanchi Math, an institution founed by Ado Shankaracharya.
Megalithic site of Hire Benkal
The site is about 2,800-years old. Situated in Hire Benkal in Karnataka, about 400 Megalithic structures spread over the area. . The granite structures are burial monuments that may also have served many ritual purposes.The hillocks of Hirebenkal also contain rock art from the Neolithic period. At least 10 rock shelters contain lively paintings in red ochre, depicting people dancing, hunting, holding weapons and taking part in processions. There are also paintings in geometric and mystic designs and show animals such as deer, antelopes, peacocks, humped bulls, cows and horses.
Maratha Military Architecture
Twelve forts in Maharashtra dating back to the era of the 17th-century showcase Maratha Architecture at the time of Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji. Shivneri (birthplace of Shivaji, Raigad (capital fort rebuilt for the coronation of the Maratha king), Torna (first fort of Maratha empire), Rajgad, Salher-Mulher, Panhala, Pratapgad, Lohagad, Sindhudurg, Padmadurga (Kasa), Vijaydurg and Kolaba are the forts.
These forts depict the Maratha Military Architecture and Guerrilla Warfare.
Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley
Bhedaghat in Madhya Pradesh is often referred as the Grand Canyon of India. It is situated in Jabalpur district. The place is known for its marble rocks and various morphological forms on either side of the Narmada river which flows through the gorge. Several dinosaur fossils have been found in the Narmada valley, particularly in Bhedaghat-Lametghat area of Jabalpur.