India has the largest high skilled diaspora in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) area with over three million tertiary educated migrants, according to OECD’s latest working paper.
China follows with two million and the Philippines with 1.8 million. In the report, the OECD also notes that United Kingdom has 1.7 million skilled workers and Germany has 1.4 million. The data refers to 2015/16 as per the working paper.
The OECD is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 37 member countries, founded in 1961. The report point out that Europe is the main region of origin of immigrants in OECD countries. It accounts to 41.5 million immigrants, which comes to about 35 per cent of the total. Asia is the next region with 31 million (26 per cent) Latin America with 30 million (25 per cent) and Africa with 12 million (ten per cent of the total). Oceania and North America regions account for only about three per cent of immigrants living in OECD countries.
US MAIN DESTINATION
Of all the countries, the United States still remain the main destination country. As per estimates, the country has 46 million immigrants, or 39 per cent of all migrants living in OECD countries. While Germany accounted for ten per cent of the total immigrants, United Kingdom, France and Canada received six to seven per cent of migrants residing in OECD.
It also mentioned that adult immigrant population of OECD countries reached 120 million in 2015/16, up from 78 million in 2000/01. While Mexico remained the top origin country, with 11.7 million emigrants, several other origin countries dropped significantly down the ranking between 2000/01 and 2015/16, especially the United Kingdom, Germany, Turkey and Italy. The working paper says that there has been an increase in the level of education of immigrants residing in OECD countries over the last 15 years. However, there was a simultaneous decline in the proportion of poorly educated immigrants. It said that the number of tertiary educated immigrants increased by around 20 million and the number of low -educated immigrants increased by only five million.