Global Perspectives on Same-Sex Marriage

From strong support in Sweden to minimal backing in Nigeria, a survey from PEW Research Centre reveal a spectrum of opinions, shedding light on the political, demographic, and religious factors influencing same-sex marriage.

EUROPE

 People in Western Europe exhibit robust support for same-sex marriage, with countries like Sweden (92%), the Netherlands (89%), Spain (87%), France (82%), and Germany (80%) recording high approval rates. Italy, despite lacking legal recognition, sees a significant 73% in favour.

However, Poland (41%) and Hungary (31%) present a more conservative stance, reflecting the complex political and social dynamics surrounding LGBTQ+ rights.

AMERICAS

 North America witnesses substantial support, with Canada (79%) leading the way. In the U.S. and Mexico, 63% express approval. In South America, Argentina (67%) and Brazil (52%) show positive inclinations.

ASIA-PACIFIC

 Australia and Japan stand out in the Asia-Pacific region, with 75% and 68% support, respectively. Vietnam also displays favourable views at 65%. Meanwhile, Indonesia strongly opposes same-sex marriage, with 92% against it.

AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST

South Africa, the sole African country legalizing same-sex marriage, still sees 59% opposition. Nigeria and Kenya exhibit the least support, with only 2% and 9%, respectively, favouring same-sex marriage. In Israel, 56% are opposed, emphasizing the influence of religion and politics.

DEMOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES

Age: Across 21 surveyed places, those under 35 are more likely to support same-sex marriage. Taiwan highlights the most significant age gap, with 75% support among the younger generation.

Gender: Gender differences are evident in 19 places, with women generally more supportive than men. This trend is observed in various countries, including Australia, Argentina, and South Korea.

Education and Income: Higher education correlates with greater support in 22 surveyed places. Similarly, those with incomes above the national average tend to be more supportive in 10 places.

Political Ideology: Political ideology plays a pivotal role, with liberals in the U.S. being 54 points more likely than conservatives to support same-sex marriage. This ideological divide is consistent in 15 of the 18 places where political ideology was surveyed.

Religious Influence: Religious affiliation strongly shapes opinions. In places where more people prioritize religion, support for same-sex marriage is lower. Notably, Sweden, where only 20% consider religion important, boasts a 92% approval rate.

EVOLUTION OVER TIME

 While challenging to directly compare with past surveys, the current findings indicate shifting global attitudes. The surveys acknowledge the intricate interplay of political, religious, and demographic factors in shaping perspectives on same-sex marriage worldwide.

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