India saw a growth of 11.4 per cent in the student enrollment in higher education over the last five years even as female enrollment saw an increase of 18.2 per cent, according to the latest All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 released this week.
The report also mentioned that the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher education is 27.1, which is calculated for 18-23 years of age group. GER for male population is 26.9 and for female 27.3, the report mentioned. The All India Survey on Higher Education also said that GER was 23.4 for Scheduled Castes and 18.0 for Scheduled Tribes.
The report is the 10th in the series of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) annually released
KEY FEATURES OF THE REPORT
- There are 1043 Universities, 42343 Colleges and 11779 Stand Alone Institutions listed on AISHE web portal
- 307 Universities are affiliating i.e. having Colleges.
- 396 Universities are privately managed
- 420 Universities are located in rural area
- 17 Universities are exclusively for women: 3 in Rajasthan, 2 in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu & 1 each in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand and West Bengal
- The country has one Central Open University, 14 State Open Universities and one State Private Open University
- 110 Dual mode Universities, which offer education through distance mode are n the country and the maximum 13 of them are in Tamil Nadu
- There are 522 General, 177 Technical, 63 Agriculture & Allied, 66 Medical, 23 Law, 12 Sanskrit and 11 Language Universities and rest 145 Universities are of other Categories
- Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat have highest number of colleges
- Bangalore Urban district tops in terms of number of colleges with 1009 colleges followed by Jaipur with 606 colleges.
- College density, i.e. the number of colleges per lakh eligible population (population in the age-group 18-23 years) varies from seven in Bihar to 59 in Karnataka as compared to All India average of 30
- 60.56 per cent Colleges are located in Rural Area
- 10.75 per cent Colleges are exclusively for Female
- Only 2.7 per cent Colleges run Ph.D. programme and 35.04 per cent Colleges run Post Graduate Level programmes
- 32.6 per cent Colleges run only single programme. 84.1 per cent of these colleges are privately managed. Among these privately managed colleges, 37.4 per cent colleges run B.Ed. Courses only.
- 78.6 per cent Colleges are privately managed; 65.2 per cent Private-unaided and 13.4 per cent Private-aided. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have about 80 per cent Private-unaided colleges and Uttar Pradesh has 78.5 per cent Private-unaided colleges, whereas, Chandigarh has 8 per cent
- 16.6 per cent of the Colleges are having enrolment less than 100 and only four per cent Colleges have enrolment more than 3000
- Total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 38.5 million with 19.6 million boys and 18.9 million female
- Female constitute 49 per cent of the total enrolment
- Distance enrolment constitutes about 11.1 per cent of the total enrolment in higher education, of which 44.5 per cent are female students.
- About 79.5% of the students are enrolled in Undergraduate level programme
- 2,02,550 students are enrolled in Ph.D. which is about 0.5 per cent of the total student enrolment
- Maximum numbers of Students are enrolled in B.A. programme followed by B.Sc. and B.Com. programmes
- 10 Programmes out of approximately 196 covers 79 per cent of the total students enrolled in higher education
- At Undergraduate level the highest number 32.7% of students are enrolled in Arts/Humanities/Social Sciences courses followed by Science 16%, Commerce 14.9% and Engineering and Technology 12.6 per cent.
- At Ph.D. level, maximum number of students are enrolled in Engineering and Technology stream followed by Science. On the other hand at Post Graduate level maximum students are enrolled in Social Science stream and Science comes at number two.
- Uttar Pradesh comes at number one with the highest student enrolment followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu
- Scheduled Casts students constitute 14.7 per cent and Scheduled Tribes students 5.6 per cent of the total enrolment. 37 per cent students belong to Other Backward Classes. 5.5 per cent students belong to Muslim Minority and 2.3 per cent from other Minority Communities
- The total number of foreign students enrolled in higher education is 49,348. The foreign students come from 168 different countries from across the globe. The top 10 countries constitute 63.9 per cent of the total foreign students enrolled
- Highest share of foreign students come from the neighboring countries of which Nepal is 28.1 per cent, Afghanistan 9.1 per cent, Bangladesh 4.6 per cent, Bhutan 3.8 per cent and Sudan 3.6 per cent
- Total number of teachers are 15,03,156, out of which about 57.5 per cent are male teachers and 42.5 per cent are female teachers
- At All-India level there are merely 74 female teachers per 100 male teachers