Displacement; 100 Million Record Reached

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Not a starting figure but the reality that the world now has 100 million displaced people who were forced to flee conflict, violence, human rights violations and persecution.

The staggering milestone of 100 million reached for the first time on record on May 22, propelled by the war in Ukraine and other deadly conflicts, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

”One hundred million is a stark figure-sobering and alarming in equal measure. It is a record that should never have been set,” said UNHCR Chief Filippo Grandı. “This must serve as a wake-up call to resolve and prevent destructive conflicts, end persecution, and address the underlying causes that force innocent people to flee their homes,” the Commissioner added.

RISING TREND

The new UNHCR data pointed out that the number of forcibly displaced people worldwide rose towards 90 million by the end of 2021, propelled by new waves of violence or protracted conflict in countries including Ethiopia. Burkina Faso. Myanmar. Nigeria, Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In addition, the war in Ukraine displaced 8 million within the country and more than 6 million refugee movements from Ukraine have been registered,

STAGGERING RECORD

The 100 million displaced relates to over one per cent of the global population, which is equivalent to the 14th most populous country in the world. This includes refugees and asylum seekers as well as the 53.2 million people displaced inside their borders by conflict, according to a recent report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

“The international response to people fleeing war in Ukraine has been overwhelmingly positive,” Grandi added, “Compassion is alive, and we need a similar mobilization for all crises around the world. But ultimately, humanitarian aid is a palliative, not a cure. To reverse this trend, the only answer is peace and stability so that innocent people are not forced to gamble between acute danger at home or precarious flight and exile”.

Last week, the International Organization for Migration informed that a record 59.1 million people were displaced within their homelands last year, four million more than in 2020.

Conflict and violence triggered 14.4 million internal displacements in 2021, a nearly 50 per cent increase over the previous year. Meanwhile, weather-related events such as floods, storms and cyclones resulted in some 23.7 million internal displacements in 2021, mainly in the Asia-Pacific region.

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