In a bid to preserve and protect nature and its essential services to people, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat released the first official draft of a new Global Biodiversity Framework to guide actions worldwide through 2030.
The Framework will undergo further refinement during online negotiations in late summer before presented for consideration at CBD’s next meeting of its 196 parties at COP-15 (fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD), scheduled for Kunming, China 11-24 October.
The framework aims to galvanize urgent and transformative action by Governments and all of society. This includes indigenous peoples, local communities, civil society and businesses.
CBD Executive Secretary Elizabeth Maruma Mrema noted that urgent policy action was required to transform economic, social and financial models so that the trends that have exacerbated biodiversity loss would stabilize by 2030 and allow for recovery of natural ecosystems in the following 20 years, with net improvements by 2050.
The framework includes 21 targets for 2030 that call for, among other things:
- Ensure at least 30 per cent of land and sea areas global (especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and its contributions to people) conserved through effective, equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas (and other effective area-based conservation measures)
- A 50 per cent of greater reduction in the rate of introduction of invasive alien species, and controls or eradication of such species to eliminate or reduce their impacts.
- Reducing nutrients lost to the environment by at least half, and pesticides by at least two thirds, and eliminating the discharge of plastic waste
- Nature-based contributions to global climate change mitigation efforts of least 10 GtCO2e per year, and that all mitigation and adaptation efforts avoid negative impacts on biodiversity
- Redirecting, repurposing, reforming or eliminating incentives harmful for biodiversity, in a just and equitable way, reducing them by at least $US 500 billion per year
- A 200 billion dollar increase in international financial flows from all sources to developing countries.
FOUR GOALS FOR 2050:
Goal A: The integrity of all ecosystems is enhanced, with an increase of at least 15 cent in the area, connectivity and integrity of natural ecosystems, supporting healthy and resilient populations of all species, the rate of extinctions has been reduced at least tenfold, and the risk of species extinctions across all taxonomic and functional groups, is halved, and genetic diversity of wild and domesticated species is safeguarded, with at least 90 per cent of genetic diversity within all species maintained.
Goal B: Nature’s contributions to people have been valued, maintained or enhanced through conservation and sustainable use supporting the global development agenda for the benefit of all;
Goal C: The benefits from the utilization of genetic resources are shared fairly and equitably, with a substantial increase in both monetary and non-monetary benefits shared, including for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Goal D: The gap between available financial and other means of implementation, and those necessary to achieve the 2050 Vision, is closed.
MILESTONES BY 2030
Milestone 1 Net gain in the area, connectivity and integrity of natural systems of at least 5%.
Milestone 2 The increase in the extinction rate is halted or reversed, and the extinction risk is reduced by at least 10%, with a decrease in the proportion of species that are threatened, and the abundance and distribution of populations of species is enhanced or at least maintained.
Milestone 3 Genetic diversity of wild and domesticated species is safeguarded, with an increase in the proportion of species that have at least 90% of their genetic diversity maintained.
Milestone 1 Nature and its contributions to people are fully accounted and inform all relevant public and private decisions.
Milestone 2 The long-term sustainability of all categories of nature’s contributions to people is ensured, with those currently in decline restored, contributing to each of the relevant Sustainable Development Goals.
Milestone 1 The share of monetary benefits received by providers, including holders of traditional knowledge, has increased.
Milestone 2 Non-monetary benefits, such as the participation of providers, including holders of traditional knowledge, in research and development, has increased.
Milestone 1; Adequate financial resources to implement the framework are available and deployed, progressively closing the financing gap up to at least US $700 billion per year by 2030.
Milestone 2 Adequate other means, including capacity-building and development, technical and scientific cooperation and technology transfer to implement the framework to 2030 are available and deployed.
Milestone 3 Adequate financial and other resources for the period 2030 to 2040 are planned or committed by 2030.
The draft Global Biodiversity Framework notes that effective implementation requires mobilizing resources from both the public and private finance sectors, ongoing identification of risk associated with biodiversity loss capacity development, technical and scientific cooperation, technology transfer and innovation. It also calls for integration with relevant multilateral environmental agreements and other relevant international processes, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and strengthening cooperation. Successful implementation will also depend on effective outreach, awareness and uptake by all stakeholders, a comprehensive system for planning, monitoring, reporting and review that allows for transparent communication of progress, rapid course correction, and timely input in the preparation of a post-2030 Global Biodiversity Framework.