Medical Education: Landmark Step for Admissions

Medical Education: Landmark Step for Admissions

In a major step towards making medical Education affordable and accessible to all, the Narendra Modi government allotted 27 per cent for OBCs and ten per cent reservation for Economically Weaker Section in the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical / dental courses (MBBS / MD / MS / Diploma / BDS / MDS) from the academic year 2021-22 onwards.

This decision would benefit nearly 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 OBC students every year in postgraduation and also around 550 EWS students in MBBS and around 1000 EWS students in postgraduation, an official statement said.

ALL INDIA QUOTA

The All India Quota Scheme was introduced in 1986 under the directions of the Supreme Court to provide for domicile free merit based opportunities to students from any State to aspire to study in a good medical college located in another State. All India Quota consists of 15 per cent of total available UG seats and 50 per cent of total available PG seats in government medical colleges. Initially, there was no reservation in AIQ Scheme up to 2007. In 2007, the Supreme Court introduced reservation of 15 per cent for SCs and 7.5 per cent for STs in the AIQ Scheme, the release said.

When the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became effective in 2007 providing for uniform 27 per cent reservation to OBCs, the same was implemented in all the Central Educational Institutions like Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University. However, this was not extended to the AIQ seats of State medical and dental colleges.

OBC

The OBC students from across the country shall now be able to take benefit of this reservation in AIQ Scheme to compete for seats in any State, the release said. Being a Central Scheme, the Central List of OBCs shall be used for this reservation. Around 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 in postgraduation will be benefitted through this reservation.

EWS

In order to provide benefit to students belonging to EWS category in admission to higher educational Institutions, a Constitutional amendment was made in 2019 which enabled the provision of 10 per cent reservation for EWS category. Accordingly, seats in medical / dental colleges were increased over two years in 2019-20 and 2020-21 to accommodate this additional 10% EWS reservation so that the total number of seats available for unreserved category do not reduce. In the AIQ seats, however, this benefit had not been extended so far.

Therefore, alongwith the 27% reservation for OBCs, 10% reservation for EWS is also being extended in AIQ seats for all the undergraduate / postgraduate medical/dental courses from the current academic year 2021-22. This will benefit every year around more than 550 EWS students for MBBS and around 1000 EWS students for PG medical courses, the release said.

During the last six years, MBBS Seats in the country increased by 56 per cent from 54,348 seats in 2014 to 84,649 seats in 2020 and the number of PG seats increased by 80 per cent from 30,191seats in 2014 to 54,275 seats in 2020. During the same period, 179 new medical colleges have been established and now the country has 558 (Govt: 289, Pvt: 269) medical colleges.

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